External modules ↩
- Installing modules
- Testing a module
- Some useful external modules
The Python ecosystem goes far beyond the Standard Library, with many third-party modules available on the Python Package Index (PyPI) and elsewhere on the web.
Because these modules are not part of the standard Python distribution, they need to be installed on your system first.
RoboFont comes with several external modules embedded and ready to use – see Embedded libraries for the complete list.
Installing modules with pip
Installing packages using
pip in Terminal will make them available for the system Python. Using the Package Installer will make packages available only inside RoboFont.
pip is included in the latest distributions of Python. Make sure it’s up-to-date:
pip install -U pip
Packages from the Python Package Index (PyPI) can be installed by name:
pip install SomePackage # latest version pip install SomePackage==1.0.4 # specific version pip install 'SomePackage>=1.0.4' # minimum version
It’s also possible to install a package from a git repository:
pip install https://github.com/user/repository/archive/branch.zip
Installing modules with setup scripts
Some packages include a setup script which copies all files to their appropriate locations. Such a package can be installed by running its
setup.py script in Terminal:
Installing modules with .pth files
Modules can be installed manually using
.pth files – simple text files containing the path to the root folder where the module is located. For example:
The easiest way to get the full path for a file or folder – without having to type it – is by dragging it from Finder into a code editor or Terminal.
.pth files must be saved in the
site-packages folder of the desired version of Python:
This method installs packages by creating a reference to the folder which contains the module.
Appending modules to sys.path
import sys sys.path.append('/someFolder/myPackage/Lib/')
Testing a module
To see if a module is installed, just try to import it in the desired environment:
If no error is raised, you’re good to go.